Observable

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, TimeSpan, Int32, IScheduler)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into a window that is completed when either it’s full or a given amount of time has elapsed.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    timeSpan As TimeSpan, _
    count As Integer, _
    scheduler As IScheduler _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim timeSpan As TimeSpan
Dim count As Integer
Dim scheduler As IScheduler
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(timeSpan, _
    count, scheduler)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    TimeSpan timeSpan,
    int count,
    IScheduler scheduler
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    TimeSpan timeSpan, 
    int count, 
    IScheduler^ scheduler
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        timeSpan:TimeSpan * 
        count:int * 
        scheduler:IScheduler -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
An observable sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, TimeSpan, IScheduler)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into consecutive non-overlapping windows which are produced based on timing information.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    timeSpan As TimeSpan, _
    scheduler As IScheduler _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim timeSpan As TimeSpan
Dim scheduler As IScheduler
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(timeSpan, _
    scheduler)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    TimeSpan timeSpan,
    IScheduler scheduler
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    TimeSpan timeSpan, 
    IScheduler^ scheduler
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        timeSpan:TimeSpan * 
        scheduler:IScheduler -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
An observable sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, Int32, Int32)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into zero or more windows which are produced based on element count information.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    count As Integer, _
    skip As Integer _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim count As Integer
Dim skip As Integer
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(count, _
    skip)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    int count,
    int skip
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    int count, 
    int skip
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        count:int * 
        skip:int -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

  • source
    Type: System.IObservable<TSource>
    The source sequence to produce windows over.

  • count
    Type: System.Int32
    The length of each window.

  • skip
    Type: System.Int32
    The number of elements to skip between creation of consecutive windows.

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
An observable sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

Remarks

The Window operator can be used to break up a sequence into buffered subsets like a windowed view of the sequence. The count parameter controls how many items are placed in each window. The skip parameter controls when the next window starts by counting the items produced in the main sequence. When the specified number of items is skipped, a new window starts to buffer a subset of the sequence.

Examples

This example produces a main sequence of integers using the Interval operator. A new integer is produced every second. The main sequence is broken up by the Window operator into subsets like a windowed view of the integer sequence. Each window will contain a count of three items from the sequence starting with the first item (0). Then five items are skipped so we achieve windows into the integer sequence that contain three integers. Each window starts with every 5th integer beginning at 0.

using System;
using System.Reactive.Linq;
using System.Reactive.Concurrency;

namespace Example
{
  class Program
  {
    static void Main()
    {
      //***********************************************************************************************//
      //*** The mainSequence produces a new long integer from the Interval operator every second    ***//
      //*** but this sequence is broken up by the Window operator into subsets like a windowed      ***//
      //*** view of the sequence. The count parameter controls how many items are placed in each    ***//
      //*** window. The skip parameter controls when the next window starts by counting the items   ***//
      //*** produced in the main sequence. When the the specified number of items are skipped, a    ***//
      //*** new window starts.                                                                      ***//
      //***                                                                                         ***//
      //*** In this example each window will contain a count of 3 items from the sequence starting  ***//
      //*** with the first item (0). 5 items are "skipped" to determine when the next window opens. ***//
      //*** So the result is that the integer sequences in the windows start with every 5th integer ***//
      //*** beginning at 0 and include 3 integers.                                                  ***//
      //***********************************************************************************************//

      var mainSequence = Observable.Interval(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));

      int count = 3;
      int skip = 5;
      var seqWindowed = mainSequence.Window(count, skip);


      //*********************************************************************************************//
      //*** A subscription to seqWindowed will provide a new IObservable<long> for every 5th item ***//
      //*** in the main sequence starting with the first item.                                    ***//
      //***                                                                                       ***//
      //*** Create a subscription to each window into the main sequence and list the value.       ***//
      //*********************************************************************************************//

      Console.WriteLine("\nCreating the subscription. Press ENTER to exit...\n");
      seqWindowed.Subscribe(seqWindow =>
      {
        Console.WriteLine("\nA new window into the main sequence has been opened\n");

        seqWindow.Subscribe(x =>
        {
          Console.WriteLine("Integer : {0}", x);
        });
      });

      Console.ReadLine();
    }
  }
}

The following output was generated with the example code.

Creating the subscription. Press ENTER to exit...


A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 0
Integer : 1
Integer : 2

A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 5
Integer : 6
Integer : 7

A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 10
Integer : 11
Integer : 12

A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 15
Integer : 16
Integer : 17

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, TimeSpan, TimeSpan)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into zero or more windows which are produced based on timing information.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    timeSpan As TimeSpan, _
    timeShift As TimeSpan _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim timeSpan As TimeSpan
Dim timeShift As TimeSpan
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(timeSpan, _
    timeShift)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    TimeSpan timeSpan,
    TimeSpan timeShift
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    TimeSpan timeSpan, 
    TimeSpan timeShift
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        timeSpan:TimeSpan * 
        timeShift:TimeSpan -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
An observable sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, TimeSpan, Int32)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into a window that is completed when either it’s full or a given amount of time has elapsed.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    timeSpan As TimeSpan, _
    count As Integer _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim timeSpan As TimeSpan
Dim count As Integer
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(timeSpan, _
    count)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    TimeSpan timeSpan,
    int count
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    TimeSpan timeSpan, 
    int count
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        timeSpan:TimeSpan * 
        count:int -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
An observable sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, TimeSpan, TimeSpan, IScheduler)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into zero or more windows which are produced based on timing information.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    timeSpan As TimeSpan, _
    timeShift As TimeSpan, _
    scheduler As IScheduler _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim timeSpan As TimeSpan
Dim timeShift As TimeSpan
Dim scheduler As IScheduler
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(timeSpan, _
    timeShift, scheduler)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    TimeSpan timeSpan,
    TimeSpan timeShift,
    IScheduler scheduler
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    TimeSpan timeSpan, 
    TimeSpan timeShift, 
    IScheduler^ scheduler
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        timeSpan:TimeSpan * 
        timeShift:TimeSpan * 
        scheduler:IScheduler -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
An observable sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

Remarks

The Window operator breaks a source sequence into buffered subsets like a windowed view of the sequence. The timeSpan parameter controls how many items are placed in each window buffer by keeping the window open for the duration of that time span. The timeShift parameter indicates the time span, from the beginning of the previous window, which must complete before a new window opens. This shifts the view into the sequence based on the duration of that time span. The scheduler parameter controls where to run the timers associated with the timeSpan and timeShift parameters.

Examples

In this example the Window operator is used to observe integer sequences from the Interval operator every second.. Each integer sequence is viewed through a window. Each window will be open for 2.5 seconds and then closed. The timeShift parameter is set to 5 seconds . This means a new window will open every 5 seconds from the time each previous window opened. The end result is we have a window open for 2.5 seconds and then closed for 2.5 seconds. So the sequences will include two integers starting from every 5th integer beginning with 0.

using System;
using System.Reactive.Linq;
using System.Reactive.Concurrency;

namespace Example
{
  class Program
  {
    static void Main()
    {
      //**********************************************************************************************//
      //*** The mainSequence produces a new long integer from the Interval operator every sec but  ***//
      //*** this sequence is broken up by the Window operator into subsets like a windowed         ***//
      //*** view of the sequence.                                                                  ***//
      //***                                                                                        ***//
      //*** The timeSpan parameter controls how many items are placed in each window buffer by     ***//
      //*** keeping the window open for the duration of the time span.                             ***//
      //***                                                                                        ***//
      //*** The timeShift parameter indicates the time span which must complete before a new       ***//
      //*** window opens. This shifts the view into the sequence based on the duration of the time ***//
      //*** span.                                                                                  ***//
      //***                                                                                        ***//
      //*** The ThreadPool scheduler is used to run the timers on a .NET thread pool thread. This  ***//
      //*** prevents the main thread from being blocked so pressing enter can exit the example.    ***//
      //***                                                                                        ***//
      //*** In this example each window will be open for 2.5 seconds. This will allow each window  ***//
      //*** to hold some items from the sequence starting with the first item (0). Then the        ***//
      //*** timeShift parameter shifts the next window opening by 5 seconds from the beginning of  ***//
      //*** the previous window. The result is that a window is open for 2.5 seconds then closed   ***//
      //*** for 2.5 seconds.                                                                       ***//
      //**********************************************************************************************//

      var mainSequence = Observable.Interval(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));

      TimeSpan timeSpan = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(2.5);
      TimeSpan timeShift = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5);
      var seqWindowed = mainSequence.Window(timeSpan, timeShift, Scheduler.ThreadPool);


      //*********************************************************************************************//
      //*** A subscription to seqWindowed will provide a new IObservable<long> for some items in  ***//
      //*** the main sequence starting with the first item. Then we will receive a new observable ***//
      //*** for every window.                                                                     ***//
      //***                                                                                       ***//
      //*** Create a subscription to each window into the main sequence and list the values.      ***//
      //*********************************************************************************************//

      Console.WriteLine("Creating the subscription. Press ENTER to exit...\n");
      seqWindowed.Subscribe(seqWindow =>
      {
        Console.WriteLine("\nA new window into the main sequence has been opened\n");

        seqWindow.Subscribe(x =>
        {
          Console.WriteLine("Integer : {0}", x);
        });
      });

      Console.ReadLine();
    }
  }
}

The following output was generated by the example code.

Creating the subscription. Press ENTER to exit...


A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 0
Integer : 1

A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 5
Integer : 6

A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 10
Integer : 11

A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 15
Integer : 16

A new window into the main sequence has been opened

Integer : 20
Integer : 21

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, TimeSpan)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into consecutive non-overlapping windows which are produced based on timing information.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    timeSpan As TimeSpan _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim timeSpan As TimeSpan
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(timeSpan)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    TimeSpan timeSpan
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    TimeSpan timeSpan
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        timeSpan:TimeSpan -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
The sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace

Observable.Window<TSource> Method (IObservable<TSource>, Int32)

Projects each element of an observable sequence into consecutive non-overlapping windows which are produced based on element count information.

Namespace:  System.Reactive.Linq
Assembly:  System.Reactive (in System.Reactive.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Window(Of TSource) ( _
    source As IObservable(Of TSource), _
    count As Integer _
) As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))
'Usage
Dim source As IObservable(Of TSource)
Dim count As Integer
Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IObservable(Of TSource))

returnValue = source.Window(count)
public static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>> Window<TSource>(
    this IObservable<TSource> source,
    int count
)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static IObservable<IObservable<TSource>^>^ Window(
    IObservable<TSource>^ source, 
    int count
)
static member Window : 
        source:IObservable<'TSource> * 
        count:int -> IObservable<IObservable<'TSource>> 
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

  • TSource
    The type of source.

Parameters

Return Value

Type: System.IObservable<IObservable<TSource>>
An observable sequence of windows.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IObservable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see or .

See Also

Reference

Observable Class

Window Overload

System.Reactive.Linq Namespace